INFERTILITY AND ITS CAUSES

INFERTILITY IS WHEN A COUPLE CANNOT CONCEIVE AFTER HAVING REGULAR UNPROTECTED SEX FOR A PARTICULAR NUMBER OF TIME.

Most people will have the strong feeling to conceive a child at some point during their lifetime.

Infertility doesn’t always mean you’re “sterile” — unable ever to have a child. Fortunately, there are many safe and effective therapies that significantly improve your chances of getting pregnant. Half of couples who seek help can eventually have a child, either on their own or with medical help. Infertility may result from an issue with either you or your partner, or a combination of factors that interfere with pregnancy.

Infertility in men and women can be caused by various general factors such as stress, obesity, smoking, excessive consumption of coffee and alcohol. But the total truth about couples with infertility issues is that

  • In one-third of infertile couples, the problem is with the man.
  • In one-third of infertile couples, the problem can’t be identified or is with both the man and woman.
  • In one-third of infertile couples, the problem is with the woman.

Fertility declines with age in both men and women, but the effects of age are much greater in women. In their 30s, women are about half as fertile as they are in their early 20s, and women’s chance of conception declines significantly after age 35. Male fertility also declines with age, but more gradually.

CONCLUSION

Studies suggest that after 1 year of having unprotected sex, 12% to 15% of couples are unable to conceive, and after 2 years, 10% of couples still have not had a live-born baby. (In couples younger than age 30 who are generally healthy, 40% to 60% are able to conceive in the first 3 months of trying).

If you’ve been diagnosed with infertility, or fear you may have trouble conceiving in the future, you’re not alone. The medical industry is forever making advances in this field. Make an appointment with your doctor and go over your concerns. Even if you are diagnosed with infertility, you may still be able to conceive.

REFERENCES

https://www.webmd.com/infertility-and-reproduction/guide/understanding-infertility-basics

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/infertility/symptoms-causes/syc-20354317

https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/infertility/conditioninfo/common

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